Detail from The Canal, Amsterdam, 1889, James McNeill Whistler, The Hunterian, University of Glasgow

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Variations in Blue and Green

Catalogues Raisonnés

  • Young, Andrew McLaren, Margaret F. MacDonald, Robin Spencer, and Hamish Miles, The Paintings of James McNeill Whistler, New Haven and London, 1980 (cat. no. 84) as 'Variations in Blue and Green', plates 48, 381-82.
  • MacDonald, Margaret F., James McNeill Whistler. Drawings, Pastels and Watercolours. A Catalogue Raisonné, New Haven and London, 1995 (cat. nos. 343, 346).

Authored by Whistler

  • None.

Catalogues 1855-1905

  • Mr Whistler's Exhibition, Flemish Gallery, 48 Pall Mall, London, 1874 (cat. no. 12) as 'Variations in Blue and Green'.
  • Exposition Internationale de Peinture et de Sculpture, Galeries George Petit, Paris, 1899 (catalogue untraced).
  • Oil Paintings, Water Colors, Pastels and Drawings: Memorial Exhibition of the Works of Mr. J. McNeill Whistler, Copley Society, Boston, 1904 (cat. no. 24).
  • Œuvres de James McNeill Whistler, Palais de l'Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Paris, 1905 (cat. no. 15).

Newspapers 1855-1905

  • Anon., 'Exhibition of Mr. Whistler's Paintings and Drawings', Globe, London, 20 June 1874, p. 2.

Journals 1855-1905

  • Matsuki, Bumkio (ed.), 'Whistler Memorial Exhibition', Lotus, vol. 1, no. 1, (Special Holiday Number in Memoriam: James A. McNeill Whistler), December 1903, pp. 7-9, at p. 9.
  • Swinburne, Algernon C., Essays and Studies, London, 1875, p. 360.
  • Rossetti, William Michael (ed.), Rossetti Papers, 1862-1870, London, 1903, p. 320.


  • None.

Books on Whistler

  • Merrill, Linda, The Peacock Room. A Cultural Biography, New Haven and London, 1998, pp. 67, 95-98, 137, 338, repr. pl. 2.14.
  • Prideaux, Tom, The World of Whistler, New York, 1970, pp. 96-97.
  • Sickert, Bernhard, Whistler, London and New York, 1908, p. 155 (cat. no. 35).
  • Sutton, Denys, Nocturne: The Art of James McNeill Whistler, London, 1963, repr pl. 23.
  • Sutton, Denys, James McNeill Whistler: Paintings, Etchings, Pastels and Watercolours, London, 1966, pl. 43.
  • Taylor, Hilary, James McNeill Whistler, London, 1978, pl. 31.

Books, General

  • Prettejohn, Elizabeth, Art for Art’s Sake: Aestheticism in Victorian Painting, New Haven and London, 2007, pp. 169, 172.
  • Staley, Allan, The New Painting of the 1860s: Between the Pre-Raphaelites and the Aesthetic Movement (Paul Mellon Centre for Studies in British Art), New Haven, 2011, p. 177, fig. 157.

Catalogues 1906-Present


  • Curry, David Park, James McNeill Whistler at the Freer Gallery of Art, New York and London, 1984, pp. 107-10, 291-92 (pl. 11).
  • Stubbs, Burns A., Paintings, Pastels, Drawings, Prints and Copper Plates by and attributed to American and European Artists, together with a List of Original Whistleriana in the Freer Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, 1948, p. 12 (03.178).


  • Panama-Pacific International Exposition, San Francisco, 1915 (cat. no. 265).
  • Simpson, Marc, 'Whistler, Modernism, and the Creative Afflatus', in Simpson, Marc, Like Breath on Glass: Whistler, Inness, and the Art of Painting Softly, Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute, Williamstown, MA, 2008, pp. 24-51, at pp. 31-32, 34, repr. p. 33 (not exhibited).
  • Glazer, Lee, The Lost Symphony: Whistler and the Perfection of Art, Freer Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, 2016.

Journals 1906-Present

  • Hobbs, Susan, 'A Connoisseur's Vision: The American Collection of Charles Lang Freer', American Art Review, vol. 4, August 1977, pp. 76-101, at p. 90.
  • Prettejohn, Elizabeth, 'Aesthetic Value and the Professionalization of Victorian Art Criticism 1837-78', Journal of Victorian Culture, vol. 2, 1997, pp. 71-94, p. 60.


  • Freer Gallery of Art website at


  • Revillon, Joseph Whistler, Draft Catalogue Raisonné of the Paintings of J. McN. Whistler, [ca 1945-1955], Glasgow University Library (cat. no. 252).


  • Chisaburo, Yamada, (ed.), Japonisme in Art: An International Symposium, (Committee for the Year 2001), Tokyo 1980.
  • Parkerson, Sarah Lawrence, Variations in Gold: The Stylistic Development of the Picture Frames used by James McNeill Whistlers, PhD thesis, University of Glasgow, 2007.
  • Spencer, Robin, 'Whistler and Japan: Work in Progress', in: Society for the Study of Japonisme (ed.), Japonisme in Art: An International Symposium, Tokyo, 1980, pp. 57-81, at p. 78.

Last updated: 23rd November 2020 by Margaret