Nocturne in Black and Gold: The Gardens probably dates from between 1875 and 1876. 1
On 18 September 1875 Whistler's mother mentioned that he had been painting 'Moonlight pictures ... one lately finished of Cremorne Gardens at Chelsea.' 2
On 10 April 1876 the New York Herald mentioned among Whistler's current work, 'a dim nocturne, Cremorne Gardens, seen by starlight and the fitful gleam of fireworks', which may have been this painting. 3
Letters to the art dealer David Croal Thomson (1855-1930) in 1892 suggest that Whistler wanted a Cremorne Nocturne, possibly this, cleaned by Stephen Richards (1844-1900) and sent to his Paris studio so that he could paint on it, but it is not known if he did so. 4
3: 'American Artists in London, What they have done for Philadelphia', New York Herald, New York, 10 April 1876, p. 5. Press cutting in GUL Whistler PC 2, p. 2.
Last updated: 19th April 2021 by Margaret