Detail from The Canal, Amsterdam, 1889, James McNeill Whistler, The Hunterian, University of Glasgow

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Catalogues Raisonnés

  • Young, Andrew McLaren, Margaret F. MacDonald, Robin Spencer, and Hamish Miles, The Paintings of James McNeill Whistler, New Haven and London, 1980 (cat. no. 35) as 'Wapping', plates 23, 368, 376.
  • MacDonald, Margaret F., James McNeill Whistler. Drawings, Pastels and Watercolours. A Catalogue Raisonné, New Haven and London, 1995 (drawings, cat. nos. 298, 299).

Authored by Whistler

  • None.

Catalogues 1855-1905

  • The Exhibition of the Royal Academy of Arts. MDCCCLXIV. The Ninety-Sixth, Royal Academy of Arts, London, 1864 (cat. no. 585) as 'Wapping'.
  • Seventh Annual Exhibition, New York Artists' Fund Society, held at the Galleries of the National Academy of Design, New York, 1866 (cat. no. 360) as 'On the Thames'.
  • Possibly 85th exhibition Salon de 1867, Palais des Champs Elysées, Paris, 1867 as 'Sur la Tamise, l'hiver'.
  • Exposition universelle de 1867 à Paris: Catalogue général, 2 vols., Paris, 1867, vol. 1, sect. 'États-unis d’Amérique' (cat. no. 69, p. 204) as 'Wapping, ou sur la Tamise'.
  • Exposition universelle de 1867 à Paris: Catalogue général, 2nd (revised) edition, 2 vols., Paris, 1867, vol. 1, sect. 'États-unis d’Amérique', p. 244 (cat. no. 76) as 'Wapping, vue sur la Tamise'.
  • S. P. Avery's Catalogue of Oil Paintings, on exhibition, No. 625 Broadway, New York, 1873 (cat. no. 184).
  • Charity Art Exhibition, 1876: Catalogue of Paintings, Baltimore, 1876 (cat. no. 39) as 'Wapping'.

Newspapers 1855-1905

  • Anon., The Realm, London, 4 May 1864.
  • Anon., 'Exhibition of the Royal Academy [Second Article]', The Times, London, 5 May 1864, p. 8.
  • Anon., 'Royal Academy Exhibition', The Daily Telegraph, London, 16 May 1864.
  • Anon., 'Fine Arts. The Royal Academy. (Third Notice)', London Daily News, London, 17 May 1864, p. 2.
  • Anon., [Wallace, E. D.?], 'Mr Whistler's Paintings. A Baltimore Artist in England - What is Thought of Him Abroad', The Baltimore Gazette, Baltimore, [after 1 April 1876].
  • Anon., 'Art Notes', Baltimore American and Commercial Advertiser, Batimore, 18 March 1876.

Journals 1855-1905

  • Anon., 'Fine Arts / The Royal Academy', The Athenaeum, London, 14 May 1864, pp. 682-84, at p. 683.
  • Anon., The Spectator, London, 18 June 1864, p. 16, online archive at
  • Rossetti, William Michael, Fine Art, Chiefly Contemporary: Notices Reprinted, with Revisions, London and Cambridge, 1867, pp. 273-74.
  • Bénédite, Léonce, 'Artistes Contemporains: Whistler', Gazette des beaux-arts, vol. 33, 1905, pp. 403-10, 496-511; vol. 34, 1905, pp. 142-58, 231-46, at vol. 33, pp. 496-97.


  • None.

Books on Whistler

  • Anderson, Ronald, and Ann Koval, James McNeill Whistler: Beyond the Myth, London, 1994, pp. 94-95, pl. 3.
  • Cary, Elizabeth Luther, The Works of James McNeill Whistler: A Study, with a Tentative List of Artist’s Works, New York, 1907 (cat. nos. 487, 493).
  • Curry, David Park, James McNeill Whistler: Uneasy Pieces, New York, 2004, pp. 66, 181-83, 192, 411 n.32, 412 n.48 & n.53.
  • Duret, Théodore, Histoire de J. McN. Whistler et de son oeuvre, Paris, 1904, drawing repr. p. 41 as 'Croquis d'un tableau inexécuté ou détruit'.
  • Fleming, Gordon, The Young Whistler 1834-66, London, Boston, Sydney, 1978, pp. 159, 196-98.
  • Duret, Théodore, trans. by Frank Rutter, Whistler, English edition, London, 1917, p. 41.
  • Koval, Anne, Whistler in his Time, London, 1994, pp. 28-31.
  • MacDonald, Margaret F., Susan Galassi, Aileen Ribeiro, and Patricia de Montfort, Whistler, Women and Fashion, New Haven and London, 2003, pp. 79, 83-84, 88, repr. fig. 80.
  • MacDonald, Margaret F., 'Joanna Hiffernan and James Whistler: an Artistic Partnership' in Margaret F. MacDonald (ed.), The Woman in White: Joanna Hiffernan and James McNeill Whistler, New Haven and Washington, 2020, pp. 15-31.
  • MacDonald, Margaret F., Joanna Dunn, and Joyce H. Townsend, 'Painting Joanna Hiffernan', in Margaret F. MacDonald (ed.), The Woman in White: Joanna Hiffernan and James McNeill Whistler, New Haven and Washington, 2020, pp. 33-45.
  • Merrill, Linda, The Peacock Room. A Cultural Biography, New Haven and London, 1998, pp. 55-56, fig. 1.10.
  • Pennell, Elizabeth Robins, and Joseph Pennell, The Life of James McNeill Whistler, 2 vols, London and Philadelphia, 1908, vol. 1, pp. 84, 88-89, 91, 127, 140-41, repr. f.p. 88 in collection of Mrs Hutton.
  • Pennell, Elizabeth Robins, and Joseph Pennell, The Whistler Journal, Philadelphia, 1921, pp. 119, 122, 161-62.
  • Petri, Grischka, Arrangement in Business: The Art Markets and the Career of James McNeill Whistler, Hildesheim, 2011, pp. 38, 59, 73-75 (repr. p. 74), 82-83, 119, 182, 184, 291, 620, 623.
  • Robins, Anna Gruetzner, A Fragile Modernism. Whistler and his Impressionist Followers, London and New Haven, 2007, p. 4.
  • Sickert, Bernhard, Whistler, London and New York, 1908 (cat. no. 14).
  • Spencer, Robin, Whistler, New York, 1990, pp. 52-53.
  • Sutherland, Daniel E., Whistler: A Life for Art's Sake, New Haven and London, 2014, pp. 62, 85-86, 88-89, 102.
  • Sutton, Denys, Nocturne: The Art of James McNeill Whistler, London, 1963, p. 43.
  • Sutton, Denys, James McNeill Whistler: Paintings, Etchings, Pastels and Watercolours, London, 1966, pp. 9, 186, pl. 11.
  • Taylor, Hilary, James McNeill Whistler, London, 1978, pp. 22-23, fig. 18.

Books, General

  • Rossetti, William Michael, Fine Art, Chiefly Contemporary: Notices Reprinted, with Revisions, London and Cambridge, 1867, pp. 273-74.
  • Du Maurier, Daphne, (ed.), The Young George du Maurier: A Selection of his Letters, 1860-67, London, 1951, pp. 16, 106.
  • Randall, Lillian (ed.), George A. Lucas: An American Art Agent in Paris, 1857-1909, Princeton, 1979, p. 238.
  • Rewald, J., History of Impressionism, revised ed., New York, 1961, repr. p. 51.
  • Wallace, Sarah Agnes, and Frances Elma Gillespie (eds.), The Journals of Benjamin Moran 1857–1865, vol. 2, Chicago, 1949, p. 1149.

Catalogues 1906-Present


  • Walker, John, National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, revised edition, New York, 1984, p. 557 (cat. no. 848), repr.
  • Wilmerding, John, American Masterpieces from the National Gallery of Art, revised edition, National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, 1988, p. 140 (cat. no. 47), repr.
  • American Paintings: An Illustrated Catalogue, National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, 1992, p. 379, repr.
  • Torchia, Robert Wilson, with Deborah Chotner and Ellen G. Miles. American Paintings of the Nineteenth Century, Part II. The Collections of the National Gallery of Art Systematic Catalogue. Washington, DC, 1998, pp. 233-38, repr.
  • Hand, John Oliver, National Gallery of Art: Master Paintings from the Collection, Washington, DC., and New York, 2004, p. 335 (cat. no. 270), repr.


  • Inaugural Exhibition, Baltimore Museum of Art, 1923 (cat. no. 242).
  • American Painting and Sculpture, 1862-1932, Museum of Modern Art, New York, 1932-1933 (cat. no. 114), as 'Wapping Docks, London'.
  • Trois Siècles d'Art aux Etats-Unis, Musée du Jeu de Paume, Paris, 1938 (cat. no. 174, pl. 11) as 'Wapping on Thames'.
  • Paintings of London, Paris, M. Knoedler and Co., Inc., New York, 1940 (cat. no. 22) as 'Wapping-on-Thames'.
  • White, Nelson C., James McNeill Whistler Seventeenth Anniversary Exhibition, Lyman Allyn Museum, New London, CT, 1949 (cat. no. 28), repr., as 'Wapping on Thames'.
  • Sargent, Whistler and Mary Cassatt, Art Institute of Chicago; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1954 (cat. no. 93), repr., as 'Wapping on Thames'.
  • Pictures Collected by Yale Alumni, Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, Connecticut, 1956 (cat. no. 70), repr., as 'Wapping on Thames'.
  • Young, Andrew McLaren, James McNeill Whistler: An Exhibition of Paintings and Other Works, Organized by the Arts Council of Great Britain and the English-Speaking Union of the United States, London and New York, 1960 (cat. no. 5).
  • The John Hay Whitney Collection, Tate Gallery, London, 1960-1961 (cat. no. 65), as 'Wapping on Thames'.
  • Goodrich, Lloyd (ed.), Art of the United States, 1670-1966, New York, 1966 (cat. 293), repr., as 'Wapping on Thames'.
  • American Art from Alumni Collections, Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, CT, 1968 (cat. no. 112), repr., as 'Wapping on Thames'.
  • Reff, Theodore, and Allen Staley (eds), From Realism to Symbolism: Whistler and His World, Columbia University, New York, 1971 (cat. no. 10), repr.
  • London and the Thames: Paintings of Three Centuries, National Maritime Museum for the Department of Environment, Somerset House, London, 1977 (cat. no. 63), repr.
  • The John Hay Whitney Collection, National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, 1983 (cat. no. 73), repr., as 'Wapping on Thames'.
  • The Image of London: Views by Travelers and Emigrés 1550-1920, Barbican Art Gallery, London, 1987 (cat. no. 155), fig. 16.
  • Dorment, Richard, and Margaret F. MacDonald, James McNeill Whistler, Tate Gallery, London, Musée d’Orsay, Paris, and National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, 1994-1995 (cat. no. 33), repr.
  • Warner, Malcolm, The Victorians: British Painting 1837-1901, National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, 1996, pp. 110-111 (cat. no. 27), repr.
  • The Victorians: British Painting in the Reign of Queen Victoria, 1837-1901, National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, 1997 (cat. no. 27), repr.
  • Gifts to the Nation from Mr and Mrs John Hay Whitney, National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, 1998-1999, no cat.
  • Great British Paintings from American Collections: Holbein to Hockney, Yale Center for British Art, New Haven; The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, 2001-2002 (cat. no. 60), repr.
  • Merrill, Linda, et al., After Whistler: The Artist and His Influence on American Painting, High Museum of Art, Atlanta, 2003, pp. 12, 14, 29 (cat. no. 12), repr. fig. 4.
  • Lochnan, Katharine, Turner, Whistler, Monet, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto; Galeries nationales du Grand Palais, Paris; Tate Britain, London, 2004-2005 (cat. no. 26), repr.
  • Monet's London: Artists' Reflections on the Thames, 1859-1914, Brooklyn Museum of Art; Baltimore Museum of Art; Museum of Fine Arts, St. Petersburg, Florida, 2005 (cat. nos. 22-23), fig. 6.
  • MacDonald, Margaret, 'Whistler and the Thames', in MacDonald, Margaret, and Patricia de Montfort, An American in London: Whistler and the Thames, Dulwich Picture Gallery, Addison Gallery of American Art, Freer Gallery of Art, 2013-2014, p. 18-19 (cat. no. 29).

Journals 1906-Present

  • Abbott, K. (ed.) and Whistler, Anna McNeill, 'The Lady of the Portrait, Letters of Whistler’s Mother', Atlantic Monthly, vol. 136, 1925, pp. 310-28, at pp. 324-25.
  • Newton, Joy, and Margaret F. MacDonald, 'Whistler: Search for a European Reputation', Zeitschrift fur Kunstgeschichte, vol. 41, 1978, pp. 148-59.
  • Kathleen Pyne, 'Whistler and the Politics of the Urban Picturesque', American Art, vol. 8, no. 3/4, Summer - Autumn, 1994, pp. 60-77, at pp. 64, 66, 67-68, repr. fig. 8.
  • Rewald, John, 'French Paintings in the collection of Mr and Mrs John Hay Whitney,' The Connoisseur, vol. 134, April 1956, p. 140 (cat. no. 552) repr.
  • Russell, J., 'La Collection Whitney', L'Oeil, May 1958, repr. p. 35.
  • Spencer, Robin, 'Whistler's Subject Matter: Wapping 1860-1864', Gazette des beaux-arts, vol. 100, 6th series, October 1982, pp. 131-41, repr. fig. 1.


  • National Gallery of Art website at


  • Revillon, Joseph Whistler, Draft Catalogue Raisonné of the Paintings of J. McN. Whistler, [ca 1945-1955], Glasgow University Library (cat. no. 46) 'Wapping docks / Wapping'.


  • Goebel, Catherine Carter, Arrangement in Black and White: the Making of a Whistler Legend, PhD thesis, 2 vols, Evanston, Northwestern University, 1988, Appendix 5.

Last updated: 31st December 2020 by Margaret